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History and culture
 
History | Culture
 
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We can say that during the centuries Croatia's "melting pot" of different cultures resulted in something very much unique.

 


Our history timeline looked something like this:

around 400 BC

Greek colonies were founded on Adriatic islands

around 100 BC

Romans rule over the east coast of the Adriatic

305

Roman emperor Diocletian builts a palace in present day Split

around 620

Immigration of Croats from the north

until 925

Under Byzantine and Franconian sovereignty

925

Independent kingdom under King Tomislav

1102

Beginning of Hungarian, later Austro-Hungarian sovereignty; until 1918 the whole of Croatia belongs to the Habsburg monarchy.

1433

The beginning of the defence against the Turks, who through time occupy the larger part of Croatian territory

1699

Continental Croatia - under the rule of Habsburg
Adriatic coast and islands - under Venice
Dubrovnik Republic - remains completely independent

1866

Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer founds the Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences, the first in southeast Europe

1918

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Istria and Zadar under Italian rule

1929

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1941

German troops invade Yugoslavia

1941

Independent State of Croatia

1941-1943

Istria and some coastal areas annexed by Italy

1945

Federative Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia

1970/71

"The Croatian Spring": a national democratic mass movement suppressed by the Yugoslav Government

1990

Dr Franjo Tudjman becomes President of the Croat Republic.

1990

HDZ gains an absolute majority in the first free parliamentary elections

1990

Croatian Serbs in Knin start the armed conflict

1991

The Serbian Republic of Krajina declares itself independent

1991

Croatia declares its independence

1991-1995

War in Croatia

1991

Fall of Vukovar

1992

Recognition most EU states 15 January 1992,
Serbs occupy and bombard Dubrovnik

1995

Operation Lightning - retaking Serbian-controlled Western Slavonia  Missile bombardment of Zagreb by Serbs

1995

Operation Storm - retaking Serbian-controlled Krajina

1996

Agreement on normalizing relations between Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

1996

Admission of Croatia to the Council of Europe

1998

Complete reintegration of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja into Croatia

2000

Parliamentary elections Social Democratic leadership (six-party coalition)

2001

Signing of the Stabilization and Association Agreement with the EU

2003

Croatia presents its application for membership of the European Union

Did you know?

  • Footprints of dinosaurs were discovered in Bale, near Rovinj, and on the Brijuni archipelago, while their bones have been found on the sea bed at a considerable depth.
  • The earliest (5000 years old) European calendar known by now is the calendar discovered on a ceramic vessel from the Vučedol culture (north of Croatia).
  • The first quarantine in Europe was established in Dubrovnik in the 14th century. Also, in Dubrovnik, there is one of the tree oldest European pharmacies (since 1317).
  • Around the year 1800 Dubrovnik maintained Consular offices in over 80 countries around the world. Dubrovnik also had a fleet of 673 ships, 250 of which sailed the seven seas?
  • Croats have their own, glagolitic script that was used in 18th century and still taught in some schools in Istria.
  • The first naval museum in the world was founded in Pula in 1870.
  • The only national costume in Europe, showing women's legs above the knees is worn by women on the island of Susak.


Further reading:
An Overview of the Croatian History, Culture and Science
Travel expedition Faros-Paros-Faros

History | Page 1 of 2 | Culture
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