The Republic of Croatia's primary foreign and security policy goal is full membership of NATO and the EU. Croatia submitted an application for membership of the European Union on 21 February 2003 and has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 2000. Also, Croatia has been participating in the NATO Membership Action Plan (MAP) since 2002 and is actively involved in the coalition against international terrorism.
Croatia is also a member of OSCE since 1992, International Monetary Fund (IMF) since 1992, Council of Europe since 1996, Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe, CEFTA member since 2003...
Republic of Croatia is formed and is developing as a sovereign and democratic state in which the equality, freedoms and rights of man and citizen are guaranteed and ensured, and their economic and cultural progress, and social welfare promoted.
Freedom, equal rights, national and gender equality, love of peace, social justice, respect of human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the human environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia and form the basis for interpreting the Constitution.
The first Constitution of the Republic of Croatia was proclaimed on 22 December 1990.
The Republic of Croatia is a unitary, indivisible, democratic and social state. Power in the Republic of Croatia derives from the people and belongs to the people as a community of free and equal citizens.
Government in the Republic of Croatia is organised on the principle of the separation of powers into: legislative, executive and judicial.
The Croatian Parliament (Sabor) is the body of elected representatives of the people and is vested with the legislative power in the Republic of Croatia.
The Government of the Republic of Croatia exercises executive power in conformity with the Constitution and law, with the organisation, operation and decision making regulated by the Law on the Government of the Republic of Croatia and its rule of procedures.
Judicial power is exercised by courts (Constitutional, Supreme and other courts).
Policy on minorities
Many national minorities live in Croatia, including Serbs, Hungarians, Italians, Slovenes, Bosnians, Slovaks and Germans. In areas where they are strongly represented, the languages and scripts of the minorities are in official use. National minorities are free to participate in politics. The Croatian Government lends financial support to the minorities.
||25 June: Declaration of Independence (25 June 1991)|
The tricolour flag (red, white, blue, arranged in this order)
The coat of arms (red-white chess table with a crown composed of five oldest Croatian coat of arms representing Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia)
|System of government:
|Head of State:
||President Stjepan Mesic, assumption of office 18 February 2000.|
||20 counties and the Town of Zagreb,|
121 towns and 416 communities.
||"Sabor" with 152 representatives elected 23 November 2003.|
Governing parties are the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Democratic Centre (DC) supported by the Croatian Party of Pensioners (HSU), the Croatian Liberal Party (HSLS), the Croat Democratic Peasants Party (HDSS), and seven minority representatives.
Opposition parties are Social Democratic Party (SDP), Croatian Peasant Party (HSS), Croatian People’s Party (HNS), Liberal Party (LS), Istrian Democratic Sabor (IDS), Croatian Party of Rights (HSP)...